In theory, members of the European Union (EU) are required to match their national gambling programs to the framework set up by the EU.
This framework, and the construction of said framework was discussed at length in the 2012 document “COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS Towards a comprehensive European framework for online gambling”. The aim of these measures is the same as much of the EU: to provide consistent policy and regulation among all of the members. In practice, though, members of the EU have had problems adjusting their national gambling law to match that framework. Some members do not have a coherent gambling policy in the first place or, if they do, that policy is not uniformly enforced. Other members have had a consistent framework governing the establishment and promotion of gambling services, but that framework does not match closely enough to the framework the EU has provided. Take, for example, online casinos which are not permitted in many EU member states. Due to this disparity between what is required of EU members and what they have actually been able to provide, the EU has been forced to investigate its members and determine who is and is not complying.